Difference between the IMF and the World Bank

Teaching external debt and the role of IMF and World Bank which is part of Unit 4 of CIE A2 syllabus. This is area where students get confused as to the role of each organisation.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) (http://www.imf.org) promotes international financial stability of the world’s monetary system. Lends to countries with balance of payments problems and aims to promote development by restoring short run stability and by supporting long term adjustment and reform

The World Bank (http://www.worldbank.org) promotes institutional, structural and social development by providing low interest loans and technical assistance for domestic investment projects. It’s goal is to reduce poverty by offering assistance to middle-income and low-income countries. It aims to help countries meet the UN Millennium Development Goals.

Below is a useful video from CNBC on the differences.

Sign up to elearneconomics for multiple choice test questions (many with coloured diagrams and models) and the reasoned answers on developing economies and the IMF/World Bank. Immediate feedback and tracked results allow students to identify areas of strength and weakness vital for student-centred learning and understanding.

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