A HT to my good friend Kanchan Bandyopadhyay for this piece in ‘The Times of India’. Amid the global economic gloom, triggered by a slowing Chinese economy, most economists maintained that India’s growth prospects were brighter than those of other emerging markets. Here are a list of reasons:
1. GDP growth estimated at 8% in 2015-16. India considered a bright spot in global economy
2. Improving industrial output: Up 3.8% in June compared to 2.5% in May
3. Healthier government finances: Improved tax collections, led by indirect tax growth of 37.6% during April-July Lower subsidy bill due to falling oil prices; expected savings may be around Rs 1 lakh crore
4.Inflation, both retail and wholesale, under control. Retail inflation estimated at 3.8% in July; wholesale inflation at -4.1%, the ninth straight month of contraction
5. Better than expected monsoon rains; deficit of around 11% but distribution has been encouraging
6. Lower trade deficit due to a fall in import bill for crude petroleum, gold
7. Current account deficit appears more manageable at 1.3% of GDP in 2014-15 compared to 1.7% in 2013-14
8. Forex reserves at a record $355 billion
9. Early signs of increase in investment
10. Healthy demand in consumer sectors, uptick in consumption
Here is a very informative graphic – The Elephant v The Dragon.
Here is a link to a brilliant interactive site from Harvard University. This site visualizes the economies of each country as told by the products they export. Click the link below:
Below is a video that introduces you to the site.
Economist John Maynard Keynes described the action of rational agents in a market using an analogy based on a fictional newspaper contest, in which entrants are asked to choose from a set of six photographs of women that are the “most beautiful.” Those who picked the most popular face are then eligible for a prize.
A naive strategy would be to choose the face that, in the opinion of the entrant, is the most beautiful. A more sophisticated contest entrant, wishing to maximize the chances of winning a prize, would think about what the majority perception of beauty is, and then make a selection based on some inference from his knowledge of public perceptions. This can be carried one step further to take into account the fact that other entrants would each have their own opinion of what public perceptions are. Thus the strategy can be extended to the next order and the next and so on, at each level attempting to predict the eventual outcome of the process based on the reasoning of other rational agents.
“It is not a case of choosing those [faces] that, to the best of one’s judgment, are really the prettiest, nor even those that average opinion genuinely thinks the prettiest. We have reached the third degree where we devote our intelligences to anticipating what average opinion expects the average opinion to be. And there are some, I believe, who practice the fourth, fifth and higher degrees.” (Keynes, General Theory of Employment Interest and Money, 1936).
•Players choose a number from 0 to 100 (all numbers allowed, including decimals). •Teacher collects all of the chosen numbers.
•Teacher averages the numbers. Call the average X.
•Teacher calculates 2/3 of X. Let Y = (2/3)X.
•Player whose number is closest to Y wins a prize.
•If there is a tie, tied players split the prize.
Another satirical clip from Clarke and Dawe of ABC in Australia, this time on the crisis in Greece and understanding Grexit. Interesting use of the word ‘Grexitentialism’.
On Thursday last week the Chinese authorities cut the reference rate for Yuan against the US$. This cut was the third is as many days and the central bank of China put the yuan’s central parity rate at 6.4010 yuan for US$1, the China Foreign Exchange Trade System said, a drop of 1.11% from the previous day’s 6.3306. The currency can only trade 2 percent above or below the yuan’s central parity rate. Still, the visible hand of the state isn’t going to disappear completely.
Winners with a cheaper yuan
1. Chinese exporters are more competitive abroad.
2. Foreign consumers of Chinese products – imported products are more affordable.
3. China’s case for becoming a reserve currency could be bolstered by letting markets determine the exchange rate.
1. Chinese companies that have debt denominated in dollars, or buy things in dollars
like Chinese airlines, or other businesses that rely on imported oil.
2. Companies that compete with Chinese firms – including those in neighboring countries.
3. Companies that depend on exports to China – like the makers of luxury goods and mining companies.
4. Anyone worried about weak inflation in the U.S. or Europe
Source: New York Times
From the National Australia Bank – The slowdown in China and weak bulk commodity markets has seen Australia’s trade deficit blow out again in recent months, hitting a record in April but remaining very high at a deficit of $2,750mn in May under pressure from Australia’s declining terms of trade from the softening in Chinese import demand (and higher export supply) for Australia’s major bulk resource commodities. Interesting to note the importance of China as an export destination
Congratulations to Martin Luk (Governor), Amanda Ngo, Jake McConnell, Shaan Keesha and Amay Aggarwal who won the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Monetary Policy Competition. The team made a 10 minute presentation on their OCR decision to three RBNZ economists Jed Armstrong and Hayden Skilling, and Assistant Governor John McDermott. They then had a 20 minute question and answer session in which they showed great teamwork in answering some very searching questions. There were 5 other schools in the national final.